Меѓународно научно списание
Печатено издание: ISSN 0585-9069
Онлајн издание: ISSN 1857-9507
International Scientific Journal
Print publication: ISSN 0585-9069
Online publication: ISSN 1857-9507
Шумарски преглед, год. 44
Forest Review, Vol. 44
Authors: Irena Papazova-Anakieva, Sterja Nacheski, Vladimir Koljozov, Bojan Simovski
Bibliography (monograph article)
Acad. Hans Em is one of the founders of modern forestry in Macedonia and the Faculty of Forestry in Skopje. He was the only forest-sector member of the Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts, a distinguished professor and dean of the Faculty of Forestry in Skopje. Acad. Em has discovered many new woody species for the forestry science, new founding sites of plants and new forest communities for the time he researched. He was author and co-author of more than a hundred very important papers and vegetation maps concerning the Macedonian and Balkan dendroflora and forest vegetation. This 2013 is a jubilee year – 115 years of his birth. Therefore, in this monograph article are previewed all paper works of Acad. Hans Em i.e. his bibliography and most important scientific achievements.
Keywords: bibliography, monograph, Hans Em.
Authors: Danilović M., Stojnić D., Novković N., Gačić D.
Original scientific article
This paper presents an analysis of forest roads and suggests new routes to increase the openness of FMU “Borovik”, one of the least open forest management units in FE “Vranje“ and thereby reduce the cost of skidding. The current openness of this management unit is only 2.96 m/ha, while its relative openness reaches 33.60%. Three new routes have been proposed, in order to achieve a density of 6.82 m/ha, i.e. the relative openness of 61.88%. The construction of these roads would reduce the total costs of skidding by 35%.
Keywords: planning of a forest road network, optimal density, forest opening.
Authors: Gačić D. P., Danilović M., Đorđev Lj.
Original scientific article
Irrigation canals lined with smooth materials (e.g. geomembrane, concrete) are potential barriers which disturb and restrict wildlife movement in numerous field hunting grounds in Vojvodina. The adverse effect of lined irrigation canals can be additionally increased due to drowning of both wild and domestic animals, or because of a permanent fence erected along some lined irrigation canals. This paper presents the results of multiannual monitoring of wildlife behaviour related to the lined irrigation canal “Kula-Mali Iđoš” (Bačka region), with special emphasis on wildlife overpasses and their efficacy in connecting the parts of the fragmented habitat. The study results show that the overpasses are used by different wildlife species, the most frequent of which are brown hare (Lepus europaeus), roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) and fox (Vulpes vulpes).
Keywords: irrigation canal, fragmentation, wildlife overpasses, Vojvodina.
Authors: Toromani E., Thaci B., Seci A.
Original scientific article
During the last decade, Albania has faced a steady increase in the energy demand. This results in rising environmental problems due to the additional use of fossil fuels, and the need for the new power plants construction sites. According to INSTAT (2012), Albania has a population of 2.8 million inhabitants, where 46.5 % of inhabitants is living in rural areas. Firewood is the main source used by rural families for heating and cooking. On average, at the national level one family in rural areas use 5 m3 of wood fuel for cooking and heating. Existing residential buildings in rural areas use fireplaces and stoves, with a low energy efficiency causing problems in terms of indoor air quality and firewood consumption.
This paper focuses on the importance of using new environmental friendly technologies – such as boilers and thermo-stoves – at the household level especially in Albanian rural areas. According to the economic analysis carried out in this paper, the use of energy efficient technologies (boilers and thermal-stoves) could reduce the expenditures for timber purchase about 50-78% and indoor and outdoor CO2 emissions of 0.18-0.25 tonne year-1family-1. In order to develop a sustainable energy system in Albania, there is a urgent need to undertake some measures in the residential sector (improving energy efficiency) and in the use of renewable energy.
Keywords: firewood, energy saving, thermal generators, energy efficiency.
Authors: Zdravko Trajanov, Ljupco Nestorovski, Pande Trajkov
Original scientific article
The main purpose of this scientific paper is to offer a new model of optimal forest road network density in high mountain regions. The model should establish a connection between the density of the road network and costs incurred in the transportation of wood during forest utilization. The new model is based on the relationship between the minimum cost of wood transport and optimal density of the road network.
Costs that arise from the building of road network show complex mathematical dependence that can be solved with differential calculations or the first derivative of the total cost of transportation. This method can easily reach the optimal density of the road network.
Keywords: forest, optimal road, network, skidding, costs.
Authors: Baştemur T. C., Güneş G.
The harder people work, the more essential they see their holiday needs. Besides sea, sun, sand tourism, cultural tourism and religious tourism, alternative and special interest tourism activities have been more popular recently. Although the term of “rural tourism” was started to be known early 1990s, it has become important in Turkey recently. Lots of projects were started for rural tourism in Turkey. The most important one is in Kure Mountains National Park which is the one of 9 European biodiversity hotspots in Turkey. It is crucial both national and international biodiversity. Küre Mountains National Park is certified as Protected Area Network Parks (PAN Parks) in April 2012 as a result of Global Environment Facility (GEF) supported “Enhancing Forest Protected Areas Management System in Turkey Project” activities, becoming the first PAN Park in Turkey and one of only 13 parks in the selective PAN Parks network in Europe. This paper provides a comprehensive description of the rich biodiversity in KMNP and describes the sustainable tourism strategy approach. Moving from PAN Park process of KMNP case, current state of the protected area is discussed and suggestions are made.
Keywords: PAN Park, Kure Mountains National park, protected areas, rural tourism.
Authors: Despot K., Sandeva V., Simovski B., Acevski J.
The setup structure of functions for holiday and recreation in spare time of the citizens is a great worth. The needs of the urban population for rest and recreation are becoming larger, thus increasing the need for design and planning of green spaces (parks, gardens, etc.) not only in cities but also in their immediate environment. In many cities around the world for centuries been paid great attention to this area. In this paper we try to present the main processes in the planning of urban recreational areas of emphasis of the Municipality of Štip.
Keywords: city, recreation, park, garden, planning, Štip.
Authors: Sandeva V., Despot K., Simovski B., Nikolov B., Gjenchevski D.
The parks and gardens, and public open spaces can be used for passive and active recreation. Thus they differ in size, shape – form and function they perform. Strategic approach should be set to assess community needs and to plan an enrichment of the green system network. Environmental characteristics of plants play an essential role in the scale – spatial composition of parks and gardens. The positive impact of plants on air, soil and water is undeniable, and their positive effect on the microclimate is an invaluable asset to an urban environment. The enormous possibilities of the trees and shrubs to protect the architectural buildings and parks space of wind, noise, dust and harmful gases should not be understated. Parks are formed on existing parks, on formed and shaped surfaces as well on completely unformed surfaces. Beside the environmental factors, the parks provide to establish and preserve the natural environment. areas for sports and recreation are planed as part of the parks.
Keywords: park, garden, design, landscape, vegetation.